A calibration comprises a collection of spectral data and a customizable
set of parameters describing a particular analysis procedure.
Calibrations are used in quantitative and
qualitative analysis either to detect an amount of a particular substance
contained in a sample or to prove the identity of a substance or compound.
Such investigations are based on a previous mathematical and statistical
interpretation of a known set of substances or amounts. The results of
these investigations are stored in a so called calibration.
Based on these pre-calculated results, reliable predictions for the
identity or an amount of a substance in an unknown samples can be made.